Cactus pear juice/nectar: The Brix value is 12 of the cactus juice, it can be produced by fresh cactus pear fruits or diluted by concentrated cactus juice. The end products are mainly filled into bottles, cartons or metal cans.
Single strength and concentrated cactus pear pulp/puree: The concentrated cactus juice is 12 Brix, after concentrating, the juice is 36 Brix. The end products can be filled into 200L poly bags in drums.
The fresh cactus pear will be washed by air bubble washer and brush washer, through washing, the spines and foreign matters on the surface of cactus will be removed, then use an elevator to lift the fruit to the roller sorting machine. After that, we will get clean high-quality fruits. And then the cactus pear crusher and pulping machine will be used to peel and crush the cactus pear and remove the seeds, after pulping, we get the cactus pear pulp, to remove the big solids in the pulp, the scrape refiner will be used, then after refining, we get the emulsified puree. The refined cactus pear puree can be further centrifuge separated by the decanter to make the cactus pear juice, then after blending with other ingredients, pasteurizing, homogenizing, and filing into containers; the puree can also be evaporated, sterilized and filled into the containers to make the concentrated cactus puree.
Fruit is sorted and washed as it enters the plant. Fruit that is damaged, spoiled, overripe, green, miscoloured, misshapen or not uniform in any way is rejected at this stage. After sorting and before processing, the fruit must be washed with clean water that has preferably been chlorinated (200 ppm). This can be done by immersing the fruits in tanks made from plastic or a similar, easily washable, non-contaminating material. The choice of equipment depends largely on plant throughput and the scale of production. For example, the production line of a microenterprise will contain equipment that is typically modular, simple, small-scale, manually operated and easy to clean. Depending on the quantity of fruit washed, the water should be changed frequently to keep it clean and avoid contaminating the fruit. This is the final procedure before peeling the fruit, which is usually done by hand using sharp knives. The easiest way to peel cactus pear fruit is to cut off the ends, make a slit lengthwise and remove the peel in one piece. This also removes the section of inner skin under the fine epidermis. However, the inner skin is incorporated into some processes to boost yield without affecting the product’s flavor or aroma. It is difficult to remove the thin outer epidermis any other way and most plants remove it along with the peel.